|What is a neurofibroma?|
|Neurofibroma is one of the two most common types of benign tumors that arise from nerves. The other is schwannoma. Neurofibromas, which affect mostly young adults, most often arise as a solitary tumor, but sometimes arise as multiple tumors.Neurofibromas usually affect nerves that are close to the surface of the body such as nerves of the skin or tissue just beneath the skin. However they can occur in any nerve. Unlike schwannomas, which are easily separated from the host nerve with surgery, neurofibromas are most intimately involved with the nerve structure.|
|What causes neurofibroma?|
|The cause of neurofibroma is unknown. It sometimes occurs in patients with von Recklinghausen disease (neurofibromatosis).|
|What are the symptoms of neurofibroma?|
|The following are the most common symptoms of neurofibroma. Patients may experience symptoms differently depending on the location and size of the tumor or tumors. Symptoms include:
The symptoms of neurofibroma may resemble those of other medical conditions. Always consult a physician for a diagnosis.
|How is neurofibroma diagnosed?|
|In addition to undergoing a complete physical exam and medical history, your child may have one or more of the following tests:
|How is neurofibroma treated?|
|The exact treatment for neurofibroma may vary from child to child, depending on:
If the neurofibroma is not involved with a major nerve, an operation to remove the nerve containing the tumor is usually the treatment of choice. If a major nerve is involved, doctors may choose to excise the tumor from the nerve, leaving the nerve itself intact, or leave the tumor alone, if it isn’t causing any symptoms.Neurofibroma is usually treated successfully and the condition usually does not recur.